domingo, 6 de abril de 2008

PESCADO RABIOSIO - Artaud (1973)



Hay gente que es muy injusta con el rock hispano, y que no le tiembla la voz a la hora de calificarlo como una mala copia del rock anglosajón si se limita a inspirarse en los grandes grupos de fuera. Quiero decir: si unos chavales ingleses decieden montar un grupo de blues rock que no aporta nada especialmente revolucionario, pues no pasa nada, pero si unos españoles hacen lo mismo, no habrá quien los acuse de poca originalidad, y por extensión de ser parte de "el problema" del rock hispano, cuando realmente hacen algo tan (o tan poco) reprochable como los ingleses anteriormente nombrados. Pues la gente que piensa así comete a veces graves errores, puesto que hay rock hispano que a lo mejor se isnpira principalmente en lo de fuera, que ni revoluciona nada ni aporta elementos autóctonos, pero que aún así, tiene personalidad. Tiene identidad, un sonido propio, y entrega algo que ningún otro disco anglosajón puede aportar. "Artaud" es eso mismo, un disco que no inventa nada, y que al mismo tiempo, tiene suficiente identidad propia como para justificar su existencia (como si tener grandes canciones no lo justificara lo suficiente).

Luis Alberto Spinetta es un músico de sobras conocido en Sudamérica, pero no tanto en España, sí que hablaré un poco de él. Es una de las grandes figuras del rock argentino, de hecho podría considerarse que su grupo Almendra, junto a Los Gatos y Manal, fueron los padres del rock argentino. A este grupo le siguió Pescado Rabioso, que grabó dos discos "Desatormentándonos" y "Pescado 2". Tras la separación del grupo, Spinetta llevó a cabo la ilícita decisión de sacar un disco en solitario bajo el aspecto del tercer disco de Pescado Rabioso, rodeado de músicos que no tenían que ver con lo que era el grupo. Por aquel entonces se justificó diciendo que le gustaba mucho el nombre del grupo y que lanzarlo bajo su propio nombre le parecía que no tenía gancho, aunque como se vio más adelante, cambiaría de opinión.

La diferencia con los anteriores discos es notable. Mientras que los anteriores eran blues rock con algún tinte progresivo, esto tiene un estilo totalmente distinto. De nueve temas que componen el disco, cinco están grabados sólo por Spinetta, a la guitarra acústica principalmente, aunque también aparece la eléctrica, en algunos temas de manera contundente y poderosa, y en otros pincelando pequeños matices que quedan de auténtico lujo. Aún así no es un disco de canción de autor, o de serlo, no es un disco de canción de autor al uso. Las melodías son extrañas, surrealistas, de alguna manera tratando de acompañar las letras, y en conjunto siento un homenaje al poeta francés Antonin Artaud. Es esto lo que lo convierte en una experiencia única, al menos dentro del rock. Spinetta, al menos en sus mejores momentos, puede ser acusado de todo menos de ser ordinario, y "Artaud" es la obra donde más se distingue del resto, donde de verdad merece el apelativo de único.

"Todas las hojas son del viento" es la canción que da comienzo a la obra. Empieza de manera súbita, con la voz de Spinetta entrando al mismo tiempo que la primera nota de guitarra, con una melodía brusca en las estrofas y delicada en el estribillo. Esta canción tiene su historia, ligada a Cristina Bustamanete. Cristina es su primer gran amor, a la que dedicó el primer éxito de su carrera, "Muchacha (ojos de papel)" de Almendra, y cantó el "Blues de Cris" tras la ruptura. Ahora parece que Cristina está embarazada de otro hombre, y Spinetta le dedica esta canción, deseándole suerte en la nueva vida que le espera, dándole ánimos para poder emprender la tarea de la maternidad de manera correcta.

En este disco encontramos una canción que seguramente sea LA JOYA de Spinetta, quizá (y sólo quizá) unicamente tras "Los libros de la buena memoria" de Invisible, "Cantata de puentes amarillos". Con apenas poco más que la guitarra acústica y su voz se despliegan ocho imponentes minutos de melodías soberbias que aparecen y desaparecen, como lo que es una de las suites progresivas más extravagantes jamás grabadas. La letra, como es habitual en Spinetta, no dice nada y al mismo tiempo lo dice todo, es infalible llenando la mente de imágenes sugerentes, oscuras, que se bastan por si mismas para reproducir en la imaginación de cada oyente cual sería el más perfecto videoclip para el tema.

En el aspecto más rockero del disco tenemos otra gran joya llamada "Bajan", el temás más normal del disco y de nuevo una de las composiciones más perfectas de Spinetta, con un estribillo GRANDIOSO y un trabajo de guitarra eléctrica rebosante de clase. También están "Superchería", con muy buenos cambios de ritmos (yo personalmente adoro la parte más rockera, "Siempre soñar, nunca creer, eso es lo que mata tu amor..."), o el oscuro blues "Cementerio club", que remite perfectamente a ese "Pescado 2". El último tema que me gustaría destacar es la psicodélica "A Starosta, el idiota", donde además aparece un piano que suena delicioso y Spinetta canta con muchísima fuerza en algunos momentos.

"Artaud"
es un disco irrepetible. Un mundo aparte en el que zambullirse de cabeza, y perderse en una sencíllez que nunca deja de revelar nuevos detalles. Una prodigiosa creación que parece no haber terminado nunca de entregar todo lo que puede. Posiblemente, y sin demasiados rivales a tener en cuenta, la obra maestra del rock en español.



38 comentarios:

Julián dijo...

Artaud fue el disco que cambió la concepción que tenía sobre el rock en español. Es un álbum genial, desde la primera frase que canta Spinetta en "Todas las hojas son del viento" uno se da cuenta que no es uno más del montón. Y precisamente esa canción es mi favorita del disco, quizá porque es la que tiene la letra menos bizarra, la letra más cercana a la realidad. "A Starosta, el idiota" es otra que me gusta bastante y obviamente también "Cantata de puentes amarillos".

El gran voodochildd dijo...

Es mi disco favorito del rock argentino, artaud es un disco espectacular, cementerio club es un tema insuperable.
buena musica tienes.

pelado1961 dijo...

Uy, que discazo !!!!

El flaco Spinetta siempre nos sorprendió: cuando pasó de Almendra a Pescado nos voló la cabeza y cuando hizo "Artaud" ni le cuento !!!!

Tremendo genio, así nomás.

Fantômas dijo...

Muuuuuuuuuy buen disco, de lo mejor del rock nacional... Un abrazo che.

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